Sunday, August 27, 2017

Frederick Stahl

Heather's 7th Great Paternal Grandparents

MOst of my information is currently second hand, from a book I do not myself have a copy of - Stahl - A Trip Through History by Juaneve Marie Stahl, Rachael Aucker Stahl, Darlene Mae Knosp Brandt.  I'm extremely uncertain of this information, since I do not yet have other sources, nor have I even seen the book first hand.

Frederick  Stahl
son of
Possibly Born 1752 in Switzerland
Possibly Died 1808 in Snyder County Pa
Married
Thought To Be Elizabeth Speidel
Daughter Of 
Born
Died

Children:
Peter Stahl
Frederick Stahl

Frederick Stahl, was a  native of Switzerland, and previous to coming to Snyder county lived for a time near Hummelstown, Penn. Here he located near Freeburg, in Washington township, where his death occurred. He was married in this country, and became the father of three sons: Adam, the grandfather of our subject; Peter, who went to Wayne county, Ohio, during pioneer days; and Frederick, of whom nothing is known. - The Stahl Family In The Commemorative biographical record of central Pennsylvania

1778 - Son Adam Stahl Was Born
Adam Stahl was born June 30, 1778, and was but a boy when he accompanied his parents on their removal to Snyder county, where he subsequently married Eve Susanna Albright, who was born May 10, 1782.

The above would make it seem unlikely that the father of Adam Stahl is Frederick Hennings Stahl that immigrated to American in 1798?   Adam was 20 in 1798.  But perhaps?  I don't know.  There are baptismal records for several children of Frederick and Margaret Elizabeth Stahl in Dauphin County, long before 1798..  but I do not know if they are for "our" Frederick either - although that would fit with the Hummelstown addres given, I cannot find a record of Adam's baptism....  A Frederick Wilhelm Stahl immigrated to America in 1763...

Research:
Possibly wife is Margaret Elizabeth Speidel-  the daughter of Maximilian & Margaretha (Meyer) Speidel - Margaret Elizabeth's parents are buried at Hill Lutheran Chucrh, Hummelstown, PA (2 miles South of Hummelstown, now known as St. Paul's)

Stahl - A Trip Through History by 
Genealogy and History of The Stahl Family, beginning with Frederick Stahl and Elizabeth Speidel. Frederick being from a German family and born in Switzerland, Elizabeth being born near today's Hummelstown, PA (then known as Lancaster or Philadelphia County). After marrying, they moved their family to what is the area known today as Freeburg and Port Trevorton, Snyder County, PA. Some of their descendants went West to Ohio and beyond, with the waves of German Settlers. Probably the most famous descendant being Warren Buffet. 

Other facts not included in the book- Elizabeth Speidel's sister Anna married a Boss. Their grandson and his family was in the first Wagon Train of Brigham Young, and therefore one of the first Settlers to settle Salt Lake City. Adam Stahl married Eva Susanna Albrecht/Albright. Her Uncle was the originator of The Evangelical Church. Another Albright,John I believe, went South with Jacob Martin and settled in Casawell/Alamance County (depending on the time period that you are looking at) and started The Stoney Creek Church.

Margaretha Speidel was born in 1710. Margaretha Meyers ... She passed away in 1781. Records for Maximillian and Margaretha and their daughters can be found at Hill Lutheran Church, two miles South of Hummelstown, PA. Today it is known as St. Paul's.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HARVEY M STAHL superintendent of the Pomfret Manor cemetery at Sunbury Northumberland county has filled his present position since 1899 He has previously been engaged in similar work at Lewisburg Union county and his experience fits him well for his responsibilities He is an excellent manager showing good judgment and taste in all the details of his duties at Pomfret Manor and the various improvements which have originated with or been carried out by him have proved that he has marked ability in his line Mr Stahl was born Dec 12 1863 in Snyder county Pa and comes of an old family of that section of the State his great great grandfather coming from Switzerland and settling in one of the lower counties of Pennsylvania His great grand father Adam Stahl was a farmer in Union township Snyder county He was a Mennonite in religious faith and he and his wife are buried at Witmcr's Evangelical Church in Snyder county Frederick Stahl son of Adam was born in 1801 in Union township Snyder county and there passed his whole life engaged in farming He died in Union township in 1881 but is buried at Winfield Pa Like most of the early members of the Stahl family he was a Mennonite in religious faith His wife Susanna Shottsberger of Union township Snyder county was born in 1803 and died in 1884 Their children were as follows Peter Jacob John and William all lived in Union township Elias is mentioned below Katie married John Sholly Mary married Joseph Herald Susan married Peter Sholly brother of John Elias Stahl son of Frederick was born in 1843 in Union township Snyder county and engaged in farming at Lewisburg Union Co Pa where he is buried He died July 1 1903 His wife Anna Miller still makes her home at Lewisburg where several of their children also reside Mr and Mrs Elias Stahl had children as follows Alfred who is a resident of Lewisbnrg McClellan of Kelly Point Pa Harvey M John of Lewisburg Sarah wife of Edward Bondeman of Reading Pa William who died at the age of sixteen Adam of Montandon Northumberland Co Pa and Frederick of Lewisburg 

Our Albright Line to Heather Truckenmiller

Married
Magdalene

married
Unknown

Susanna Albright
married


Lydia Stahl 
married 

Susan Sholly
married David Snyder

Sarah Jane Snyder 1863-1927
married

Married July 27 1899
Anna Celestia Houser 1882-1930

George Emery Sulouff 1904-1987
married
Elizabeth Jane Witmer

Carl Lucion Sulouff
married

Matthias Albrecht (Albright) - 1779

Heather's Paternal 8th Great Grandfather

Matthias Albrecht
Son of
Born
Died Abt 1779
Married
Magdalene
Daughter of
Born
Died

Children:
George Albright m. Eva Christina 

1737 - Matthias Immigrated to America aboard The Charming Nancy


1765 - Early Member of the Lutheran Church 


Matthias Albright is #20 = Market St, right near the Market House & Fountain


Fountain Park
The water company in Schaefferstown has the oldest gravitational conveyance system by underground pipes in the United States. The water system was constructed sometime between 1744 and 1750 by the founder of the town, Alexander Schaeffer. The water system, which is located in the area now known as Fountain Park, is still used by the townspeople for potable household water. When the original system was laid out, it ran to two wooden troughs on the Square, which is now the intersection of Main St. and Market St. One trough was since replaced by Matilda Zimmerman in memory of Mary Rex Zimmerman, her mother and great granddaughter of Alexander Schaeffer. This trough is now located on the south face of the historic bank located within the Square.
1768 - Residence

1771 - 
the first sentence, translated... "
On the 2nd Heil. Osterlag, the evening was held, for which the following were reported:"


1772 - Residence


1773 -  Residence
Returns for the Sixteenth Eighteen-Penny Tax
for the County of Lancaster - 1773.
From Pennsylvania Archives Third Series, Volume XVII, pp. 408 - 412.
Listed exactly as they appear in Pennsylvania Archives.

Heidelberg township.

NAME                       ACRES  HORSES  CATTLE  SERVANTS   TAX
Albright, Mathias           100     2       1       --       9 .0
Albright, George             --     --      --      --       2 .0




Name Matthias Albright
Acreage 100
Warrant Date 15 Apr 1773
Warrant Location Northumberland




1779 - Residence

Abt 1779 - Mathias Albrecht Died
In the 1779 Census, Mathias is crossed out and "widow" is written in



Research:


Frederick Albright / Albrecht -1816

Heather's Paternal 7th great grandfather

Frederick Albright / Albrecht
Born
Died 1816
Married
Possibly Mary Margaret
Daughter Of
Born
Died

Children:
Elizabeth Albright
Susanna Catherine Albright m. Francis Ludwig Brenner

Frederick's will lists just three descendants - two daughters and a granddaughter.  But the 1790 census lists 9 people - 3 males and 6 females.  Whether they are children that were not included in the will, or servants, I do not yet know.
A brief History of Schaeferstown (see Research at the bottom of this post) lists Matthias and Magdalena, followed by "Frederick  Albright and Mary Margaret his wife".  This leads me to believe that Fredericks wife is Mary Margaret, but I have no other sources to confirm this thought.



Snyder County Pioneers, by Charles Beers

Frederick Albright is Born
The son of Mathias & Magdalene Albright of Lancaster County PA, according to Snyder County Pioneers by Charles Beers

1771 - Residence
Snyder County Annals: A Collection of All Kinds of Historical ..., Volume 1
By Clara R. Winey

1776 - Residence
Snyder County Annals: A Collection of All Kinds of Historical ..., Volume 1
By Clara R. Winey

June 1780
Served 14 days in Lt. Simon Herrold's Company of Rangers on the Frontier
Revolutionary War Service


Snyder County Annals: A Collection of All Kinds of Historical ..., Volume 1
By Clara R. Winey

There was a Frederick Albright Jr in this area, so it's important to check dates and be sure WHICH Frederick served.   It helps that this article, above, states that it was the Frederick who lived in Penn twp 1776-1787, that might help clarify. If the Frederick Jr was his son, he was not mentioned in this Fredericks will.

1781- 1788 Residence

Name: Frederick Albright
Year: 1781
Town or Ward: Penn
County: Northumberland
Archive Rollname: 331

Name: Frederick Albright
Year: 1782
Town or Ward: Penn
County: Northumberland
Archive Rollname: 331

Name: Frederick Albright
Year: 1785
Town or Ward: Penn
County: Northumberland
Archive Rollname: 331

Name: Frederick Albright
Year: 1788
Town or Ward: Penn
County: Northumberland

Archive Rollname: 332


Before 1788  - Residence
Name: Frederick Albright
Acreage: 159.25
Warrant Date: 17 Nov 1788

Warrant Location: Northumberland





Adam Stahl was born June 30, 1778, and was but a boy when he accompanied his parents on their removal to Snyder county, where he subsequently married Eve Susanna Albright, who was born May 10, 1782. Her father, Frederick Albright, was one of the very earliest settlers of Flintstone Valley, where he located several years previous to 1788, as a warrant for land was issued to him November 27 of that year. His farm, comprising 159 acres in Washington township, Snyder county, was called " Garter Snake." On September 22, 1800, Adam Stahl purchased of his father-in-law sixty-two acres of the " Garter Snake " tract, where he continued to live until 1822, and upon the place conducted a distillery, being one of twelve in Washington township at that time engaged in that business. On leaving that farm he removed to Union township, Snyder county, where he passed his remaining days, dying October 16, 1863. His wife had died on the 3d of April, of the same year, and 
both were laid to rest in Reiser cemetery. Union township. He was a powerful man, weighing about 220 pounds, was a shoemaker by trade, a Whig in politics, and a Lutheran in religious belief. - J.H. Beers & Co. Commemorative biographical record of central Pennsylvania (Volume p. 615-1231) 


Note - Snyder County was not formed until 1855 - it was Northumberland County, then Union County was formed in 1813 and Snyder County was later formed from Union County. So although Frederick lived in what is present day Snyder County, it was Northumberland County for the 1790 census, and Union County when he died.




1790 - Residence
Name: Fredk Albright
[Frederick Albright] 
Home in 1790 (City, County, State): Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Free White Persons - Males - Under 16: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over: 2
Free White Persons - Females: 6
Number of Household Members: 9


1800 - Additional 25 acre land warrant




1816 - Frederick Died

Will is on file in Union County Pa (But I have not yet found it)

Burial - 
There is a Frederick Albright died 1816, Revolutionary War Veteran, buried in Centre County Pa.  I don't know why our Frederick would be buried in Center county though...
Milesburg Cemetery 
Milesburg
Centre County

Pennsylvania, USA


Research:

Returns for the Sixteenth Eighteen-Penny Tax
for the County of Lancaster - 1773.
From Pennsylvania Archives Third Series, Volume XVII, pp. 408 - 412.
Listed exactly as they appear in Pennsylvania Archives.

Heidelberg township.

NAME                       ACRES  HORSES  CATTLE  SERVANTS   TAX
Albright, Mathias           100     2       1       --       9 .0
Albright, George             --     --      --      --       2 .0


Stahl Line to Heather Truckenmiller




married
Susanna Albright

Lydia Stahl 
married 

Susan Sholly
married 

Sarah Jane Snyder 1863-1927
married

Married July 27 1899
Anna Celestia Houser 1882-1930

George Emery Sulouff 1904-1987
married
Elizabeth Jane Witmer

Carl Lucion Sulouff
married

Monday, July 10, 2017

Christopher Witman 1700-1770

Heather's 8th Great Paternal Grandfather

Christopher Witman
Reported to be the son of Hans Mathias Martin & Catharina (Scholl) Weidman
Born abt 1700 in Germany
Died ABT 1770 in Lancaster Pa
Married
Rosina Barbara (possibly Heidrick?)
Daughter of
Born
Died

Children:
As named in Christophers Will in 1765 - 
Adam Christopher Witman
John Witman
Michael Witman
Henry Witman
Rosina Witman wife of Detrick Kremer (Deitrick Greiner?)
Madlena Witman wife of Lugwig  Imler



1739 Naturalization
Philadelphia County, PA

From Historic Background and Annals of the Swiss and German Pioneer Settlers of Southeastern Pennsylvania, p. 273.

Name: Christopher Witman
Arrival Year: 1739
Arrival Place: Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania
Source Publication Code: 6664.11
Primary Immigrant: Witman, Christopher
Annotation: Date and place of naturalization. Extracted from records in the Division of Archives and Manuscripts at the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission located in the William Penn Memorial Museum and Archives Building in Harrisburg, PA. Colonial Records
Source Bibliography: [PENNSYLVANIA COLONY.] Abstracts of Pennsylvania Records of Naturalizations, 1695-1773, Found in Colonial Records (Minutes of Provincial Council), Volumes 1, 2, 3, 9, & 10, Statutes at Large of Pennsylvania, Volumes II, III, IV, VI, VII, & VIII, and Pennsylvania Archives, Series 1, Volumes 1, 3, & 4. York, PA: South Central Pennsylvania Genealogical Society, 1983. 24p.

Page: 13


1753 - Land Warrant
Name Christopher Witman
Acreage 10
Warrant Date 8 Oct 1753

Warrant Location Berks

1765 - Wrote Will




1767 - Land Warrant




Research:


From The Find A Grave Entry:
Regina was buried at the Zion Lutheran Church Cemetery.

My first visit to the church was in February, 1998, to find the graves of Johann (John) and Regina Kurtz. After searching for a cemetery at the church, in vain, I finally met a local historian who explained that the church expanded in 1963 - right on top of the then church cemetery. It was a controversial expansion but the graves there, and I don't know any other than John and Regina, were moved a couple hundred yards away, two blocks, to the main cemetery.

When they went to disinter the remains they were astonished to find no remains other than discolored soil. Still, they moved the soil/remains along with the gravestones to the new site. Apparently by 1963 Regina did not have a stone but from "Life of Johann Nicolaus Kurtz, with notes on his brother, Johann Wilhelm Kurtz (1925)," p. 47. it is noted that on her stone was "Kinder 10." (Margaret A. Cruikshank, edited by Benjamin Kurtz Miller"

The church record reads as follows: 

Regina Kurtz geboren im Jahr 1738 den 3 April in Falkner Schwam. Ihr Eltern waren Chr. Witman und dessen Ehefrau, Rosina Barbara, Getauft, Confirmit & 1759 den 1 sten Nov trat Sie in die Ehe mit Ev. J. Wilhelm Kurz. Kinder 10. Wittwen stand, gelebt 13 Jahr und 3 Tage. Krankheit Auszehrung. Gestorben den 30 sten May 1812, alt 74 J. 1 m. w 21 T. Berd. In Jonestown, June 1, 1812.


The Moravian Connection 
Many years ago, my uncle, Eugene A. Kurtz (1923-2006), told me that the Kurtz family was descended from Moravian followers of Jan Hus, who was burned at the stake in 1415 because he spoke out against the Catholic Church years before Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli. After Hus was martyred, many of his followers, including our Kurtz ancestors, were also burned at the stake and their survivors had their property confiscated and fled for their lives.
For over 40 years I have searched for information to verify this story, and finally I have found it. Regina Witman (1783-1812) who married Johann Wilhelm Kurtz (1732-1799) was the daughter of Christopher Witman, whose ancestors spelled their name variously as Widman, Weidman, and Weidemann. They are said to have fled from persecution in Zurich to the Palatine area of Germany, and thence to Pennsylvania. Johann Hus’ followers were ethnic Germans living in Moravia and Bohemia, and they rallied around Hus at the University of Prague. Some fled to Saxony, some to Zurich or Bern, some to Hungary, and some to Strasbourg. Zurich and Bern later became centers of intense persecution for Moravians, Baptists, Anabaptists and Mennonites, many of whom were the ancestors of the “Pennsylvania Dutch.” Members of these groups fled from Moravia to Zurich and Bern, and then back to Moravia, as the waves of persecution ebbed and flowed in the 1400's.
Much of this information is from Historic Background and Annals of the Swiss and German Settlers of Southeastern Pennsylvania by Henry Frank Eschleman, Parts of it are also referenced in Martyr’s Mirror by Thielemam J. Van Bracht, and Foxe’s Book of Martyrs by John Foxe. There is specific information about Christopher Witman’s father, Mathias Martin Weidman, and his grandfather, Isaak Weideman, who fled from Zurich to Baden, in a book called Markham 1793-1900, by the Markham, Ontario Historical Society. However, one of the descendants doing research on FamilySearch.org disagrees with the name of Isaak Weideman and says this should be Peter Weideman. All of these sources are available on the internet. Since I have not yet been able to trace Christopher Witman’s ancestors with any certainty, I am hopeful that someone later will do this. These ancestors deserve to be named and remembered, to live on in our records, and to be blessed in our memory.
Laurie Kurtz Visher



German Martyrs and Refugees
Posted 14 Mar 2016 by Laurie Kurtz
German Martyrs and Refugees

Many of the “Pennsylvania Dutch” are descendants of the earliest Protestant martyrs and their survivors, who fled from persecution in Switzerland, especially the areas around Zurich and Bern. Early in the Protestant Reformation, dissenting religious factions broke from the established church because they refused to baptize infants or to pay money to priests to intercede for them and “secure” God’s forgiveness for their sins. These dissenters were variously known as Baptists, Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Moravians. Many fled from Switzerland to Moravia, and from Moravia to Switzerland, depending on where the persecution was most intense at the time. Dissenters were thrown into dungeons, were tortured, and if they refused to recant, were sentenced to death by beheading or were burned alive at the stake. Their property was confiscated by the state, their children were declared illegitimate and not able to inherit, and the survivors were forced to flee for their lives. The Palatine area of southwestern Germany provided a safe haven for these refugees, who later emigrated to Pennsylvania. 
  Pennsylvania, Wills and Probate Records, 1683-1993
  Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-1999



Friday, July 7, 2017

Reading The Ethnicity Estimates At Ancestry.com


Most of us here in central PA assume with are German.  And most of us also believe we have Native American somewhere in our lines.  So when we get the ethnicity estimates from ancestry.com, there are often a lot of questions and confusion.


Wait - Where's the German?
Those of us with German roots will find our results higher in the "Europe West" category.  That includes:  Belgian, French, German, Dutch, Swiss, Luxembourgian, Liechtenstein

I've been surprised, using paper trail genealogy, to find that a lot of our "German" roots are not so German. There are a lot of French Hugenots, and Swiss, that came to America from Germany, but were only in Germany for a few years, or possibly one generation, before their arrival in America.  But for the purposes of an ancestry dna estimate, they are all Europe West.

Then there is the timing.  WHEN were my ancestors German?  What generations are giving me these results?  The blog below covers this more in depth, in her critisim of ethnicity estimates:

"It’s difficult to determine which of the matching populations are more recent and which are less recent.  By way of example, many Germans and others in eastern Europe are descendants of Genghis Khan’s Mongols who invaded portions of Europe in the 13thcentury.  So, do we recognize and count their DNA when found as “German,” “Polish,” “Russian,” or “Asian?”  The map below shows the invasions of Genghis Khan.  Based on this, Germans who descend from Genghis’s Mongols could match Koreans on those segments of DNA. Both of those people would probably find that confusing." https://dna-explained.com/2013/10/04/ethnicity-results-true-or-not/


But I KNOW My 4th Great Grandmother Was Native American!

"So how much of your great-great-grandmother’s DNA are you likely to have?  Probably around 1.5625%! And that may not be enough to detect Native American ethnicity."

You may know, but your DNA may not.  It's possible you simply did not inherit that part of your parents DNA.  This chart here shows how little DNA we inherit from our ancestors - and explains why. https://blogs.ancestry.com/ancestry/2014/11/24/ask-ancestry-anne-where-is-my-native-american-dna/

And even if your test results show Native American DNA - it may not mean you are American Indian.  This is a common theme on genealogical forums - " My uncle, who was born in Peru, recently tested and is 87% Native American. Ancestry very accurate detects Native American heritage from Mexico, Central and South America, but not so much Native Americans from US tribes".

There's a MUCH more in depth (but not over your head technical) post about Native American DNA here- http://www.rootsandrecombinantdna.com/2015/03/native-american-dna-is-just-not-that.html

"One of the most important things you must remember is that having Native American DNA is different from having Native American ancestry. This is because your potential inheritable Native American DNA could be lost every generation but you could still have real Native American ancestry in your family history. " 


So How Is Ancestry Coming Up With These Results?

They are estimating, based on averages.

"Ancestry.com plasters its home page with pie charts that promise to give you a “sense of identity” with decimal-point precision.

The problem is that DNA snippets, or markers, are inconsistent. Sometimes they are passed on and sometimes they are not, and whether they are or aren’t is random. Sure, a large percentage of Native Americans may share certain genetic markers. But many Native Americans may lack the same marker, and many non–Native Americans may carry it by coincidence.

So when a DNA test comes back saying you are 28 percent Finnish, all it’s really saying is that of the DNA analyzed (most companies don’t analyze all of your DNA), 28 percent of it was most similar to that of a completely Finnish person. In the end, these comparisons are a fun but ultimately unreliable way to think about the possibilities of whom your ancestors might have been, rather than definitive proof of your ethnic background."
http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2016/06/dna_testing_cannot_determine_ancestry_including_elizabeth_warren_s.html

"We’ve assembled one the of most comprehensive DNA datasets in the world, with thousands of DNA samples from people with deep roots in each of our 26 different regions. This dataset makes up what we call a “reference panel.” Each person in the reference panel is from a specific location and has a documented family tree indicating deep ancestry in a particular region. To estimate your genetic ethnicity, we compare your DNA to the DNA of the people who make up the reference panel and then upload the results to your Ancestry account. These results can go back 500+ years and are an estimate based on current research. You can expect them to change and become even more refined as we do even more population genetic research." https://blogs.ancestry.com/ancestry/2016/10/12/determining-your-dna-ethnicity-estimate/



Hang On - Where did the Scandanavian Come From?
If you do not have scandanavian in your genealogy research, and you tested through Ancestry.com, it's most likely part of a KNOWN error in Ancestry tests.  You can read more about that here  -

"The problem is that their admixture percentages are simply WRONG.  Period.  Not a “tiny error”, not “needs tweeking,” utterly, entirely wrong.  Throw it out and start over wrong.  There are no secret Scandinavians hiding in the bushes, or in everyone’s family tree, and the fact that they are embracing their error and trying to turn a dime by telling people that they DO have a huge amount of mythical Scandinavian blood and they just need to use Ancestry’s tools to search longer and harder is not only infuriating, it’s unethical and self-serving."
 https://dna-explained.com/2012/10/24/ancestrys-mythical-admixture-percentages/

And that makes it hard to trust ANY of ancestry's results, doesn't it?


So How Can I Get Better Ethnicity Results?
I'm not sure you can get "better" at this time.  I think everyone is still learning, and the calculations are still improving. But I could be wrong.  :-)

Some other sites to try for more break downs include:

Gedmatch.  Really, if you had a dna test done anywhere, you should download the raw dna and upload it to gedmatch.  They have the most free toys and best comparison tools.  Basically, anyone doing any DNA research should have a gedmatch account.  It's the basics.

DNA Tribes.  This is a suggestion from another blogger.  I have not used them.  I feel like I was in over my head just reading the descriptions.  So if you try this, please let me know how it works out for you.

Family Tree DNA - This one is not free.  I read that you can upload your Raw DNA from ancestry and have it analyzed here for  $39.  But I also have not tried this one.  This site does have the most comprehensive tests.