Sunday, June 24, 2018

The Letters of J.A. Lumbard, written during the civil war

Recently another researcher shared copies of letters that she owns, written by my 3rd great grandfather J.A. Lumbard to Sallie Scharf, who would later become his wife.  In addition to the letter I already had a copy of, written to his mother.  

I am working on a site dedicated just to Joseph's service in the civil war.  I'm attempting to upload his diary in posts that appear in order, with newspaper clippings and articles interspersed, so that you can read it in order.  It's a daunting project that I work on from time to time, for the past few years.  I honestly don't know if I will ever finish it, but I have not given up yet.  Each of the letters appears on that blog in their entirety, with scans.  I will link to each of those under each letter. You can see whatever progress I have made on this project here:

In this particular post, I am compiling just the transcripts of the letters, with my research notes on who the people are that are mentioned, and the time line.  Perhaps in doing so there will be a clue as to who is father was, or who his mothers family was.  Both have been difficult for me to document.

For the timeline and genealogy of Joseph Asher Lumbard, go here:

Currently I have 4 letters.  I believe there is a 5th that I may receive a copy of soon.

The Letters:
The first letter is from Camp Rapidan, written in Septemer 22 and sent to his mother in the care of Mrs. Davis.
The second is from Leesburg VA, written June 20 1863, sent to Sallie Scharf
The third is written from "Near Ellis Ford" in the summer of 1863, to Sallie.
The fourth is written from Bridgeport Alabama, March 10 1864, to Sallie.

Letter from Camp Rapidan

  • Who is Mrs Henry Bright?
  • Lock Haven - who was he writing to there?
  • I wonder who this refers to?  "Don’t alarm yourself about my writing to that girl I have written my last letter and am satisfied. I just wanted to find out something and; when that is done, I am done also. I did not think she was such a darn fool as to blow about it but would keep it a secret since it has turned out as it did  I have written my last to her."
  • Who is Katy?
  • Is Ms. Davis Captain Davis' mother?  Or wife?

Camp   on the Rapidan Sept. 22nd 1863
Dear Mother,

Your very long looked for letter at length arrived and was received with great pleasure and satisfaction I am very pleased to hear that you are all well and that things are going so well. We are encamped in sight of the govnt Rebels. We are laying on one side of the Rapidan River and they are on the other. Our Pickets are within shooting distance of each other but since the first day they do not fire on each other. I was down to the river yesterday and there had a very good sight of the rebel soldier big as life on the other side of the stream which is not near as wide as Penns Creek and our pickets are on this side of it. They are very strongly fortified and will make a pretty good show of a fight but I have no doubt but that we will be able to drive them from the mountains upon which they are fortified: There is no telling when the fight will take place as we have had orders to be ready to fall in at a moments notice for the last week, but I think that a fight will very shortly take place. Well, I think that we are ready and will be more than a good match for them. You told me to obey Capt. Davis. There is no danger that I will disobey him I like the Captain very much. He is a brave and good officer and all the boys are very proud of him. He is ­­­­­­­­_________________ and is very kind to me. I am sixth corporal and soon will be fifth. Theodore Parks Is 2nd Lieut. I also like Nel Byers. He has been very kind to me and used me as well as could be expected by ones own brother, but I like the Captain best. I get letters most every week from Mrs. Henry Bright In Sunbury and: you can __________________ and 20 miles around. she has sent me paper and postage stamps. Several times I wrote a long letter to Lock Haven but did not get an answer. I do not know whether she got it or not. I would very much like to hear from her often and if she would answer my letters I would write regular to her. Tell her this in your next letter, give her my address and then she can send: them right on to me. Tell her to address J. .A Lumbard Co. G, 147th PV ft Brig. 2nd Div. 12th Army Corps, Washington, D.C..

I got the postage stamps and all the things you have even sent. Shirts, tea, chocolate, paper, envelopes, handkerchief and so forth. Leut. Byers has not arrived here yet, consequently I did not get the things you sent by him, but will when he comes. ______ told me to keep ____________________________________________________________________                  ­as there is no telling. If I live you will never suffer but should be killed
It might go very hard with you but we will hope for the best. It is all in the hands of the Ruler of the Universe and: as he wills it so it goes and we must think all is for the best. Should I fall it will not be in a Disgraceful manner _____________________________ ______________________that is right and just.  Just think what would have become of the people if we had not whipped the Rebel Army at Gettysburg. I seen dozens of
people turned out of their homes and their grain destroyed and houses burnt and in some instances men, women and children killed but we sure drove them out of the old Keystone state and soon hope to see them conquered. Don’t alarm yourself about my writing to that girl I have written my last letter and am satisfied. I just wanted to find out something and; when that is done, I am done also. I did not think she was such a darn fool as to blow about it but would keep it a secret since it has turned out as it did  I have written my last to her.
I must bring my letter to a close. Give my best respects to Mrs. Davis. Tell Katy to write another big letter like the last one. Tell me what
Became of______________________________________________________________
you can send; me some this week. Write soon. I remain your affectionate son

J. A. Lumbard

Ms. Davis
Please hand this to .Mrs. Mary Duck. I direct this letter in your name so that mother gets it immediately for fear that she might not send to the office. Am obliged.
Your soldier friend.

                                                                                J. A. Lumbard

Letter from Leesburg

In Camp near Leesburg, Va June 20
Friend Sallie,

Often have I thought of penning a few lines to you but the duties of the soldier life are so very numerous that whenever I thought of doing so duty called me elsewhere, hoping you will excuse me I will not endeavor to make amend for my former negligence. The day was a remarkably fine one and for the first time since I bid adieu to old Pennsylvania had I the pleasure of listening to the sweet and heavenly music of the Sabbath bell. You who live in the old Keystone State cannot imagine the desolation that on every hand meets the eye. Scarcely any person is to be seen and I never in all my life seen such wretched looking people. The female portion of them indeed present a sorrowful aspect. They are pale and hagard life to them seems to be anything but a pleasant one. Yesterday I witnessed a very heart rending sight. Three deserters belonging to the first Division of our corps were shot one of them was a married man and had a wife and five children. They were brought into the field in an ambulance seated upon their coffins. They had their eyes tied shut—and their hands were [pinioned?] behind their backs. Six men stood before each one of them with loaded rifles at the word fire the guns were fired together and three human souls were launched into eternity. Today there was a very heavy battle fought in the direction of Snickers Gap. The cannons can be distinctly heard here where we lay and we have orders to be ready with fourty rounds of cartridges in case our men should need reinforcement. But now the firing sounds farther from us and there is a report current here that the rebs have been driven four miles. Our boys are all well with few exceptions. Uria Hafley is not with the company at present we left him in the Hospital at Aquia Landing and have not heard from him since. Give my respects to the two Miss Stanfers likewise to your family reserve a full share for yourself. Excuse writing as it is done on my knapsack When you answer direct J.A. Lumbard Co G 147 Pa 1 st Brig. 2 nd Div. 12 th [AC?] Washington DC

Letter from Near Ellis Ford, Summer of 1863

Transcription of letter from J. A. Lumbard
Near Ellis Ford 1863 Summer

Camp of 147th Pa
Near Ellis Ford ca[?]

Friend Sallie,
Your very welcome and long looked for letter at length arrived. I had almost thought that I was forgotten but I am very glad to find that I was slightly mistaken on this subject. Since my last letter to you I have taken part in a hard fought battle and was slightly wounded in the head but I am very happy to state that it was only a slight scratch though it caused the blood to flow quite freely and caused me considerable suffering.
When this cruel war is over I hope we may be permitted to see each other and speak face to face. The poor soldier will be able to tell a tale of suffering and adventures that will make the bravest heart turn pale. Many are the times that I think of the many happy hours that I passed seated on the bench in front of the old “Union House.” But they are past never perhaps to be re-called but I trust for the best. We poor soldiers are out here in the field exposed to all kinds of dangers and privations at one time suffering hunger at another time thirst and then perhaps both to add hard and long marching through a hot mid-summer sun. Before the hard fought fight at Gettysburg we marched a distance of three hundred miles in 20 days. When we fought the entire Rebel army and put him to rout and then turned round and marched to our present camp. I am very well pleased with a soldier's life and must say that it agrees very well with me. I have not missed one days duty nor taken one grain of medicine since I left old Selinsgrove. I am fat and hearty. I would very much like to see you friend Sallie and have a few hours of conversation with you I hope the time is not far distant when we shall be victorious and the Rebels will be forced to acknowledge that we are the victors and that their case is hopeless. But not until then would I be willing to return Sallie you should just be here to see us get our victuals we will all turn out to be good cooks and also very fond of our cup of coffee. A soldier drinks three quarts of coffee per day regular and in many cases one gallon will not satisfy his thirst. Coffee is the greatest part of his diet. I must bring my letter to a close as the mail leaves immediately. Answer as soon as possible. With a heartly good-bye and a wish for your future welfare I remain your soldier friend
Joseph A. Lumbard
Direct as before
Co. G 147th [Pa V?] 1st Brig 2nd Div 12th Army Corp Washington, DC

Camp 147th
Bridgeport ALA
March 10th
Friend Sallie
Your very interesting and welcome letter was received and its contents were devoured with the greatest pleasure imaginable. You say you “think that I have made a poor selection in choosing a lady correspondent.” But let me assure you that I would rather receive a letter from you than any one I know of, for this reason, I know that you are a warm friend of the poor soldier, consequently I hope you are a friend of
[Page 2]
this poor soldier boy, so to the writing I can assure you it is no object to me, it is the tone in which the missive is written and as your motto is “to do your best” I can assure you that you cannot fail to make your letter interesting to me. Hoping to hear from you regularly I will pass to something else. You speak of the depressed looks of many of the soldiers who frequently surround your table, especially of the drafted men. I just wish you could see company “G” this minute, if you were to judge them from their looks and the noise they are making you would think that they
[Page 3]
were the happiest beings on the face of God’s footstool. But they are not always thus, at times they are pensive and sad our thoughts wander to our far off northern homes, to the beloved friends and companions of our childhood, ‘tis then we wish “this civil war was over” and peace and prosperity once more restored to our present distracted country. I trust the time is not far distant when our arms shall prove victorious and the supremacy of the Government admitted by the Rebel hordes now in arms again the best and freest Government the world has ever contained A soldier’s life is full of danger and exposure, he must
[Page 4]
suffer hunger, cold, heat and thirst. How many poor soldiers have I seen fall down dead or exhausted on the march from sheer fatigue. I have passed over the battlefield after the bloody struggle and have seen sights that my pen is not able to describe. I have seen thousands of dead men litterally covering the ground with dead men for acres. All of them were cut down in the prime of life. But as the mail closes I must halt for this time. I will write more next time. The boys are all well and hearty. With my best reguards for yourself and family I remain your soldier
J.A. Lumbard

[in corner]
To Sallie Sharf
Write soon
J Lumbard

Wednesday, March 7, 2018


This is an attempt to pull all of the information I have on Mary Ann (Stom) Duck's (mother of Joseph A. Lumbard) family into one timeline, in the hopes it will give us more answers. 

Unknown Stom
Son of 
daughter of

Catherine Stom  -1900 m. Daniel Hahne/Hanes


?? Unknown Stam is Born
He apparently has at least one brother, from the census records that tell us Lucy Stam is a widow, living with Catherine (Kitty) Stamm, aunt of Mary Ann (Stom) Duck).  Currently I assume that Katy Stom was an unmarried sister of Unknown Stom.

July 1802 - Lucy is Born
Lucy married a Stom, but I do not know who she married
Her tombstone gives us her age at death, and her death date.
The 1880 Census lists Lucy as widowed.  Her husband appears to have died before the 1850 census, when Lucy is found with Kittie Stom.  In 1860, still living with Kitty,  no occupation is given for Lucy, but the census tells us she cannot read.  Lucy appears to have moved between 1860 & 1870 - In the 1870 census she is in her own household, listed as a housekeeper.  Her real estate is listed at 300.
The census states that she cannot write, and there is a mark under the column for deaf, dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.

About Nov 1804 -  Catherine/Katy/Kittie Stom is born
Her tombstone gives her death date and age, although the days is unreadable, so November 1804 is the closes I can approximate.  Census records consistently work out to her being born around 1804 as well. 

She died April 10 1884.  

I don't know if she was born a Stom, or if she married a Stom.  There's no indication she was a widow, but no proof she wasn't, and on the whole, VERY little information about her that I can find.  

1850 - Residences
Name: Mary A Duck
Age: 23
Birth Year: abt 1827
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1850: Penns, Union, Pennsylvania
Gender: Female
Family Number: 1134
Household Members:
Name Age
Jacob Duck 26
Mary A Duck 23
Joseph Duck 6
Emma L Duck 1

(Note that Joseph Lumbard is listed as Joseph Duck in 1850 & 1860)

Also in the same township:
This is believed to be Mary Ann (Stom) Duck's mother, and another aunt - BUT in 1880, Widow Mary Duck lives with her "Aunt" Kittie, age 75, making her born about 1804.  So likely this Catherine, and the Kittie in 1880, are the same woman - meaning Catherine is Mary Ann's Aunt, not mother?

Name: Catharine Stam
Age: 46
Birth Year: abt 1804
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1850: Penns, Union, Pennsylvania
Gender: Female
Family Number: 1063
Household Members:
Name Age
Catharine Stam 46
Lycia Stam 42

ABT 1855 Daughter Catherine Stom married Daniel Hane

Her death certificate in 1900 states that she was first married at age 19. Unless she had another husband we do not know about, this would mean she married Daniel around 1855.

Name: Daniel Hanes
Gender: Male
Age: 82
Race: White
Birth Year: 1834
Death Date: 17 Dec 1916
Death Place: Plainfield, Kent, Michigan, USA

1860 - Residences

In 1860, Catherine Straum, Aunt of Mary Ann, lives with Lucy Straum
Name Catharine Staum
Age 55
Birth Year abt 1805
Gender Female
Birth Place Pennsylvania
Home in 1860 Selinsgrove, Snyder, Pennsylvania
Post Office Selinsgrove
Dwelling Number 1331
Family Number 1360
Occupation Washerwoman
Real Estate Value 350
Personal Estate Value 100
Household Members
Name Age
Catharine Staum
Lucy Staum

No occupation is given for Lucy in 1860. There is a mark that she cannot read.

I do not know where Daniel & Catherine (Stam) Hanes are in 1860

1862 - Mary Ann (Stom) Duck's husband Jacob Duck dies
 "Jacob Duck instantly killed while cutting timber just west of town by falling dead tree"

1868 Selinsgrove Map

The 1868 Selinsgrove Map shows the property of J. Duck betwen Snyder and Walnut Streets, on Main Street.  

I cannot find any Stoms on the map.

1880 - Residences

Is Kittie the Aunt of Mary Duck, or the aunt of the Duck boys, Henry & Edward?  She's 75 years old in 1850- so either is possible, but I lean towards her being the aunt of Mary Ann.

Kittie Stamm is age 75 in 1880, meaning she was born about 1805

1870 - Residences

Name: Mary A Duck
Age in 1870: 42
Birth Year: abt 1828
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1870: Selinsgrove, Snyder, Pennsylvania
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Selinsgrove
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Mary A Duck 42
William Duck 19
Edward Duck 3
Catharine Stom 66

In the 1870 census, a 66 year old Catherine Stom lives with them.  In 1880 A Kitty Staum, age 76, also lives with them, listed as "Aunt".

Lucy lives alone in 1870, listed as a housekeeper.  Her real estate is listed at 300.
The census states that she cannot write, and there is a mark under the column for deaf, dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.

1880 Residences:

 1880 Lucy is listed as widowed - so she is likely the sister in law of Catherine.

1900 Mary Ann (Stom) Duck Died
This is where we learn that Mrs. Daniel Hahne of Grand Rapids Michigan is her sister.

Death of Mother Duck

Death has again invaded the community and claimed one near and dear to the writer, even a  mother, in the person of Mrs. Mary A Duck, whose death took place Wednesday April 18th at a little past ten o'clock am at the home of her son William H. Duck in the East End.  The deceased was born in this place on the 8th day of June 1827 and was therefor in the 73rd year of her age.  The deceased had been in ill health from the holidays of the present year.  About the 15th of last November she went to Williamsport to visit her youngest son E.E. Duck.  After a stay of about six weeks she began to long anxiously for a return home.  Ed accompanied her back to her old home.  after a stay of a week with the family of her son Henry and about two weeks in the home of the editor, and after which she remained with the family of her son William until she crossed over and beyond the river.   Soon after her return home from Williamsport her friends noticed that her once strong and robust constitution was surely giving way to the encroachment of the insidious disease which had fastened itself upon her and which was early in her sickness pronounced incurable by her physician Dr F.J. Wagenseller  her friends watched her growing weaker day by day until the end came and her immortal spirit freed itself from its frail tenement of clay and winged itself into the presence of the God who gave it.  She was a good mother, and no one knows this better than her children, and now she has been removed from them they will miss her wise counsel and words of admonition.  The deceased leaved to surved her four sons, the editor of this aper, William Hall Duck employed by Pencoyd bridge co, H J. Duck employed in the government printing office, and E. E. Duck employed in L Stearns & Cos Store, Williamsport; three daughters preceded her to the spirit world.  There are nine grand-children and nine great-grandchildren.  She also has one sister, Mrs Daniel Hahne of Grand Rapids, Michigan.  Mother Duck for more than a half-century was a member of the Reformed Church.  The funeral obsequies will be held at the home of her son where she died, Saturday afternoon at 1 o'clock.  Internment at the family burial plot in the Reformed Cemetery.

1900 - Catherine (Stom) Hanes Died
Catherine died August 25 1900, at age 65.
The Transcript of her death certificate gives her birthdate as 1835, (January? 15)
She was married age 19, with 2 children, one who was living at the time of her death.
Her parents are listed as born in PA, but her mothers name is unknown and her father is listed only as Stom or Stam.
She died of vascular heart disease.

Catherine (Kitty), Lucy, and Mary Ann are all buried right near each other in the Reformed Church Cemetery in Selinsgrove Pa.  I have not seen the churches cemetery records (I would like to!) but I can find no other Stoms in the cemetery, there appear to be no male Stoms there at all.  Mary Ann's sister, Catherine (Stom) Hanes, was buried in Michigan.

Friday, February 9, 2018

Johan Heinrich Leinbach 1703-1777

Dan's 7th great Paternal Grandfather

Johan Heinrich Leinbach
Born  Nov. 26 1705 in Germany
Died In PA
Salome Johanna Herman
Born March 16 1718

Anna Catharina Leinbach  1740-1782 m. Beck
 Anna Elizabeth Leinbach 1742-  
 Anna Catharina (2nd) Leinbach 1744-    
 John Daniel Leinbach 1746-1817
 Maria Leinbach 1748-   
 Christina Leinbach 1750- 
 Salome Leinbach 1755-  
 Christian Leinbach 1757-  
 Johannes Leinbach 1759-   

"Johannes Henry lived on the Leinbach homestead in the Oley Valley of Pennsylvania throughout his life and owned 218 acres of land there at his death. The Moravian records indicate that he had accompanied Count Zinzendorf, the Moravian patron, to the Wyoming Valley of the Susquehanna River near Reading, Pennsylvania."

1705 Johan Heinrich Leinbach Was Born
In Germany - source: DAR Application

This record shows 1703 - 
Name: Johann Linebaugh
[Johann Heinrich Leinbach] 
Father: Johannes Leinbach
Mother: Anna Elisabeth Kleiss
Birth Date: 15 Jul 1703
City: Hochstadt
County: Wetterau
Country: Germany

This is the record of his parents, in the Mennonite vital records:

1718 Salome Herman Was Born
"I have Johanna (Salome) (Herman) Leinbach mentioned in Moravian records when she was baptized as the daughter of Daniel and Maria Catharina Elizabeth (Obermuller) Herman.
Daniel Herman was among the 1709's (as was Maria Catharina Elizabeth Obermuller) and was married at that time to another woman who died either aboard ship or shortly after arrival to the U.S.. He had one son by his first marriage and three sons by his second. Perhaps your family comes from one of these sons. Wish I could give you more information." - ancestry message boards

1723 - Immigrated To America
Johannes Henrich Leinbach came to America with his parents in 1723.

Name Johann Heinrich Leinbach
Arrival Year 1723
Arrival Place America
Source Publication Code 1031.9.50
Primary Immigrant Leinbach, Johann Heinrich
Annotation Date and port of arrival. Name of ship, place of origin, and citation to original record may also be provided. Spouse and children, mentioned prior to emigration, were assumed by indexers to have accompanied emigrant. Extensive genealogical and historical information is also provided.
Source Bibliography BURGERT, ANNETTE K. Eighteenth Century Emigrants from Langenselbold in Hesse to America. Myerstown, PA: AKB Publications, 1997. 192p.
Page 93

1738 - Heinrich Leinbach Married Salome Herman
 On November 2, 1738, he married Salome (Johanna) Herman, who was born in Conestoga, Berks County, Pennsylvania. 

1740 - Daughter Anna Catherine Leinbach is born
BIRTH 1740 • Berks County, Pa
DEATH 12 JULY 1782 • Friedberg, Roan, NC
She married George Peter Beck
She's buried in the Moravian cemetery in North Carolina

1742 - Salome is Baptized and changes her name to Johanna

1746 - Son John Daniel Leinbach Was Born
In the estate papers for Heinrich, he's listed as the "eldest son".

1752 - Son Henry Leinbach Was Born
Henry was Dan's 5th great grandfather, you can read more about him here:

1777 - Heinrich Leinbach Died
Died 1777 

Buried in the old cemetery at the Spies Church near Oley. (The old graveyard below the church has been abandoned and the stones moved to the newer cemetery on top of the hill.)

Heinrich Leinbach Estate Files

See a pdf file of his estate papers here:

Heinrich appears to have died without a will, but there was a complete inventory done.
Salome uses Salome as her name, and signs her mark at that name, rather than Johanna.