Monday, October 29, 2012

Jacob Crossley 1826-1897

Heather's 3rd great grandparents, maternal line

Jacob Crossley 
son of George & Leah (Welliver) Crossley
Born May 16 1826
Died Dec 23 1897
Anna Wertman
daughter of John & Margarette Wertman
Born Oct 28 1831 
Died  Feb 28 1876
(Died 4 days after her last child was born)

*Noah John Crossley 1852 – 1869 Died age 16
Lydia Jane Crossley 1855 – 1927 m. Isaac Confer
Sarah Catherine Crossley 1858 –1926 m. Wilson Bloomer 
Margaret Crossley 1860-
Ellen Crossley 1863 – 
William Henry Crossley 1865 – 1901
Hannah Daisy Crossley 1868 – 1886 M. Israel T. Milheim (died 8m after marriage)
*George Dallas Crossley 1870 – 1878 Died age 8
Charles Albert Crossley 1873 –1933 m. Edith Rittenhouse
Hiram Elmer Crossley 1875 –1943 m. Mira Hendershot

*Buried At Longs Cemetery, Montour County PA
** See Notes under the 1860 Census.

1826  - Jacob Crossley is born
May 16 1826
Date from tombstone

1831 - Anna is born
Name: Annie Crossley
Birth Date: 28 Oct 1831
Death Date: 28 Feb 1876
Cemetery: Longs Cemetery
Burial or Cremation Place: Montour County, Pennsylvania, USA
Find A Grave Record

Hiram's death certificate lists her only as "Anna".
Jane's death certificate does not list her mother at all.
Sarah Catherine's death certificate lists her mother as Anna Wertman

one researcher lists Anna's last name as Workman.  Others as Perret.  I can find no sources for either.

Ruled out the Elizabeth Wertman, daughter of Gideon, from Montour County - her death certificate shows she married a Bieber.

 I can't reconcile the 1 year difference between the birth/baptism record, and the birthdate on her tombstone. Other than to note that tombstones are NOT always accurate...  especially since the month and day match, I suspect this is the correct record:

Daughter of John & Margarette Wertman Born 28 Oct 1832, Baptized 1 January 1833
(research this family to see if this is the right Anna)

Name Ann Wertman
Father John Wertman
Mother Margarett
Birth 28 Oct 1832
Baptism 1 Jan 1833 - Hemlock, Montour, Pennsylvania, USA - Age: 0

1850 - Jacob lives at home with his parents
Name: Jacob Crossley
Age: 24
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1826
Birth Place: Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): West Hemlock, Montour, Pennsylvania
Family Number: 20
Household Members:
Name Age
Geo Crossley 46
Leah Crossley 42
Jacob Crossley 24
Eli Crossley 17
Mary Crossley 22
Hannah Crossley 14
Esther Crossley 11
Sarah Crossley 7
Rebecca Crossley 5
John D Crossley 2
Geo W Crossley

Abt 1851 - Jacob Crossley Married Anna
    Source: 1900 Census

1852 - Son Noah Crossley is born
Birth: Apr. 27, 1852
Death: Jan. 25, 1869
son of Jacob & Annie Crossley; age 16yrs 8mons 28days
Source: Find A Grave, and Cemetery Visit

1855 - Daughter Lydia Jane Crossley is born

Lydia Jane is Heather's great great grandmother. She married Isaac Confer.  You can read more about her here:

1858  Daughter Sarah Catherine Crossley Born
    married Wilson Bloomer  in 2879
Name Sarah Catherine Bloomer
Gender Female
Race White
Age 68
Birth Date 1 Apr 1858
Birth Place Long Church, Pennsylvania
Death Date 15 Oct 1926
Death Place Hemlock, Columbia, Pennsylvania, USA
Father Name Jacob Crossley
Father Birth Place Pennsylvania
Mother Name Ann Weitman
Mother Birth Place Pennsylvania
Spouse Name Wilson Bloomer
Certificate Number 100093

I've only found record of one child,  Daisy A. Bloomer, but In 1920 their grandson Charles W. Bloomer lives with them.

1860  - Residence
Name: Jacob Crossley
Age in 1860: 34
Birth Year: abt 1826
Home in 1860: West Hemlock, Montour, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Post Office: Danville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Jacob Crossley 34
Ann Crossley 34
Noah Crossley 8
Lidia Crossley 7
Catharine Crossley 5
Margaret Crossley 4/12
John Barnhart 17

This is the only time I find Catherine listed.  Noah's year of birth appears to be correct - it is the same as on his tombstone.  Lydia's tombstone says she was born August 27 1855.  That would make her age 5 in this census - not age 7.  So are the birth years for her and Catherine switched in this census?  In 1870, there is a Sarah age 12 that does not appear here in 1870 - my best guess is that Sarah & Catherine are one and the same.  Note that in 1860 Lydia Jane is listed as Lidia, in 1870 she is listed as Jane - so it's likely Sarah was listed by one name in one year, and the other in the other year, the same as Lydia.

Margaret also disappears in 1870, and does not appear  in the Longs Cemetery.  Ellen appears in 1870, age 7.  In 1880 I find her age 18, Ellen M. Crossley.  If her age is off by a few years - it's possible Ellen & Margaret are one and the same.

1860- Daughter Margaret E. Crossley Born 

Found in the 1860 census age 4 months, I cannot find any later record of her.  She's not buried at Longs with the rest of the family.  See notes under research, is she one of two Crossley (Is her middle name Ella?) children who died of Scarlett Fever in Columbia County?

The 1860 census is dated June 1860 -which would mean she was born approximately 4 months earlier, in February.

A few family trees, with no sources, list Margaret as marrying Frank Rose, and dying May 16 1892.  They list her birthdate as March 25 1862, which we know by the census is not correct - leading me to believe they have this Margaret confused with another one.

21 Oct 1861 - 21 Oct 1864 - Served In Civil War
Jacob Crossley served for the Union in the 9th PA Cavalry (92nd Volunteers) Company F as a private. The 1890 Veterans Schedule lists him in Watsontown Pa, and under disabilities tells us that  he has "little use of his left arm, wounded in left shoulder.  Part of Shell remains in wound." It also tells us that he enlisted on October 21 1861 and was discharged October 21 1864.

To order his pension file (and if you do, please share it!) go here.

Question - is this for certain our Jacob?  Watsontown is right on the other side of the Montour County line, so that address does not rule him out - but in the 1880 Census he is listed as a lime burner - is that possible with little use of his left arm?  Perhaps - but I wish I knew more.

1863 - Daughter Ellen Crossley Born
In 1880 there is an Ellen Crossley age 18, listed as a servant in the Daniel & Catharine Dietrick household in turbot township, Northumberland County PA.  I cannot find a death certificate for her between 1906-1963.  I can't find any record of her after 1880, and even in 1880 I'm not certain this is the same Ellen Crossley.

1864 Tax List
U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 about Jacob Crossley
Name: Jacob Crossley
State: Pennsylvania
Tax Year: 1864
Roll Title: District 13; Monthly and Special Lists; Jan-Dec 1864
NARA Series: M787
NARA Roll: 61

1865 Son William Henry Crossley Born
 1865 – 1901- Died age 35
In 1900 we find that William & Sarah had 7 children living with them - Willard E, Mary J, M. Helen, Jesse Jacob, Franklin P., William Allen & 3 month old John S. Clara Bloomer & Hugh Ervin, ages 17 & 18, also lived with them, listed as servants.  

William died just one year after this census, leaving a lot of young children. His wife Sallie remarried to Willet Hiram Snyder, also a widower. His first wife died in 1900. Her obit tells us that she had 7 step children in addition to 9 of her own children. She had 4 children with her second husband, so at least two of her children from her first marriage died before she did in 1946.

Name William H. Crossley
Spouse's Name Sarah M. Pursel
Event Date 03 Feb 1887
Event Place Montour, Pennsylvania, United States
Father's Name Jacob W. Crossley
Mother's Name Ann Crossley
Spouse's Father's Name Charles R. Pursel
Spouse's Mother's Name Pursel

"Pennsylvania Marriages, 1709-1940," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 9 January 2016), Jacob W. Crossley in entry for William H. Crossley and Sarah M. Pursel, 03 Feb 1887; citing Montour, Pennsylvania, United States; FHL microfilm 954,027.

Although she was married to William Crossley for just 13 years, and married to Willet Snyder for about 45 years, she is buried with her first husband, in Longs Cemetery.

1868 Daughter Hannah Daisy Crossley Born
   1868 – 1886 M. Israel T. Milheim

On Hannah's marriage application on Christmas even in 1885, Hannah's occupation is listed as "working out for herself". Her parents are listed as Jacob & Annie Crossley, with a note that her mother is dead.  Since she is under 21, Jacob signed a certificate of consent for her marriage. Her husband, Israel, was 30 years old. Hannah died 8 months later, just 18 years old, on August 7 1886.

Name Israel T. Milham
Event Type Marriage
Event Date 24 Dec 1885
Event Place , Montour, Pennsylvania, United States
Age 30
Birth Year (Estimated) 1855
Father's Name Jacob Milham
Mother's Name Sarah A. Milham
Spouse's Name Hannah D. Crossley
Spouse's Birth Year (Estimated) 1867
Spouse's Father's Name Jacob H. Crossley
Spouse's Mother's Name Crossley

"Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885-1950," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 9 January 2016), Jacob H. Crossley in entry for Israel T. Milham and Hannah D. Crossley, 24 Dec 1885; citing Marriage, Pennsylvania, county courthouses, Pennsylvania; FHL microfilm 954,027.

wife of Israel T. Milheim; age 18 yrs 2mons 23days 

1870  - Residence
Name: Jacob Crossly
Birth Year: abt 1826
Age in 1870: 44
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1870: West Hemlock, Montour, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Household Members:
Name Age
Jacob Crossly 44
Annie Crossly 38
Jane Crossly 16
Sarah Crossly 12
Ellen Crossly 7
William Crossly 5
Hannah Crossly 2

Note - I'm pretty certain the Sarah here is the Catherine in 1860.  See my note under the 1860 census.

1870 Son George Dallas Crossley Born
1870 – 1878
George Dallas Crossley died in 1878, Age 8.

1873 Son Charles A. Crossley Born 

In the 1880 census, Charles is age 6. 

In 1900 there is a Charles Albert Crossley, born September 1873, in Sugarloaf, Luzerne County PA. Listed as a teamster, married to Edith with a daughter Arlene.  In 1910 Charles is a carpenter in a car shop, in Westmoreland County PA.  His children are Arlene 10, Rolans S. 8, Alton C 5, Charles S. 3, and Alberta 11 months.  Arlene died age 16. 

Sometime before 1917 (when the draft registration cards were filled out) Charles and his brother Elmer went to work as sheet metal workers at Edeo G. Budd Co.

"The Budd Company was a 20th-century metal fabricator, a major supplier of body components to the automobile industry and a manufacturer of stainless steel passenger rail cars. Budd was founded in 1912 in Philadelphia by Edward G. Budd, whose fame came from his development of the first all-steel automobile bodies in 1913 and, in the 1930s, his company's invention of the "shotweld" technique for joining pieces of stainless steel without damaging its anti-corrosion properties."

The draft card for him tells us that his wife's name is Edith Verdilla, and that his birthday is September 22 1872. Census records tell us he married Edith in 1899. Find a Grave shows Edith's parents, her maiden name being Rittenhouse, buried near them in Conyngham PA.

In 1920 he lives at 1719 W. Pacific St, Philadelphia, and is chief metal worker at the Budd Mfg company.  Children Rolans, Alson, Charles &  Alberta are living with them.

In 1930 he lives at 68 North Sydenham St, Philadelphia Pa.  He's listed as a mechanic for automobile company.  His children Alberta, Roland & Stanley still live at home.

 The death certificate for this Charles Albert Crossley tells us that he died February 6th 1933 of tuberculosis.  He was a sheet metal worker, and was buried in Conynghan PA.  His death certificate does not list any parents.  

1875 Son Hiram Elmer Crossley Born
1875 –1943 m. Mirabelle C. Hendershot

Hiram Elmer Crossley was born February 28 1876, Montour County PA.
His marriage application tells us he married C. Hendershot on Octover 13 1897 in Montour County PA. His occupation is listed as farmer.
In 1910 Hiram & Mira are living at 346 East St, Bloomsburg, Columbia County Pa. Hiram is working at the Electic Light Co.  They have 3 children, Harold S. age 9, Margaret H. age 7& Warren E age 8 months. Lizzie Achenbach, a widowed boarder, age 53, also lives with them.

Sometime before 1917 (when the draft registration cards were filled out) Hiram and his brother Charles went to work as sheet metal workers at Edeo G. Budd Co.
First all-steel sedan
by Edward G Budd Manufacturing Company of Philadelphia for John and Horace Dodge

"The Budd Company was a 20th-century metal fabricator, a major supplier of body components to the automobile industry and a manufacturer of stainless steel passenger rail cars. Budd was founded in 1912 in Philadelphia by Edward G. Budd, whose fame came from his development of the first all-steel automobile bodies in 1913 and, in the 1930s, his company's invention of the "shotweld" technique for joining pieces of stainless steel without damaging its anti-corrosion properties."

In 1920 they live at 3525 Judson Street Philadelphia. He works at an "auto firm"  (which would probably the the Ed. Budd company) Children Howard, Margaret & Warren are listed with them, as well as Charles M. Hendershot, Mira's brother.
In 1927 Charles Arthur Confer died, Elmer Crossley (his uncle), from Wilkes Barre, attended the funeral. In 1930 Hiram is listed as Elmore in the census. They have moved to Maffet St, Wilkes Barre, Luzerne County Pa, where they own their home.  Hiram is now working in a lumber yard. Both Warren & Margaret still live at home. In 1933 he's found in the city directory at the Wilkes Barre address. He died September 1 1943 in Philadelphia.  His death certificate tells us he died of Paralaysis Agriatans due to Arteriosclerosis & that he also had Pyelonephristis and was emaciated.  It lists his wife's name as Mira C, his occupation as the foreman in a lumber yard, and tells us he was buried in Green Tree,Oaks PA.

Other information in the record of H. Elmer Crossley and C. Hendershot
from Pennsylvania Marriages
Name H. Elmer Crossley
Spouse's Name C. Hendershot
Event Date 13 Oct 1897
Event Place Montour, Pennsylvania, United States
Father's Name Jacob Crossley
Mother's Name Crossley
Spouse's Father's Name Hendershot
Spouse's Mother's Name Hendershot

"Pennsylvania Marriages, 1709-1940," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 9 January 2016), Jacob Crossley in entry for H. Elmer Crossley and C. Hendershot, 13 Oct 1897; citing Montour, Pennsylvania, United States; FHL microfilm 954,030.

1876 Anna Died

Annie (Wertman) Crossley born Oct 28 1831 died Feb 28 1876

1880 - Residence
Name: Jacob Crosley
Home in 1880: Valley, Montour, Pennsylvania
Age: 54
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1826
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Relation to Head of Household: Self (Head)
Father's birthplace: Pennsylvania
Mother's birthplace: Pennsylvania
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Lime Burner
Marital Status: Widower
Race: White
Gender: Male
Household Members:
Name Age
Jacob Crosley 54
Hannah D. Crosley 12
Wm. H. Crosley 14
Chas. A. Crosley 6
Hiram E. Crosley 5

Occupation - Lime Burner
Burned lime (a powder) was the chief component of plaster and was widely sought after by the building industry. Lime kilns were used to burn the lime rock. Kilns were stone towers from 28 to 36 feet high and about 8 feet in diameter on the inside. There were usually three flues extending up the tower. Near the bottom was a hopper with an iron door. To charge a kiln, a cord or more of wood is first placed in the bottom, and then the lime rock is thrown in from the top till the kiln is full. The fires are then lighted in the flues which are kept continually full of wood. The heat expels the carbonic acid from the rock, leaving the lime. Every six hours the lime, which continually falls down into the hopper, is drawn out through the iron door by means of long iron rods bent into a hook at the end and is immediately put into casks and headed up ready for shipment. The kilns are ranged along a side [hill], so they can be approached on the upper side by teams, cars, etc. for the purpose of charging them at the top, while on the lower side immense sheds are erected, reaching about two thirds of the height of the kiln, and under these sheds the lime is drawn, put into casks, and stored till time for shipping. The kilns are kept running night and day, Sundays as well as week days from February till December, and 12 hours is a day’s work. Good wages are paid but the work is arduous, and the confinement close and continuous. It takes about six men to a kiln, and a kiln on the average will burn 20,000 casks of lime a year and one cord of wood will burn 20 casks of lime. (Industrial Journal, Aug. 8, 1890)

1897 Jacob Died

Buried In Long's Cemetery, Montour County PA

Name: Jacob W Crossley
Probate Date: 10 Jan 1898
Probate Place: Montour, Pennsylvania, USA
Inferred Death Year: Abt 1898
Inferred Death Place: Pennsylvania, USA
Case Number: 136
Item Description: Wills, Vol 2-3, 1882-1905 


Longs Methodist Episcopal Church 
Location: Columbia Hill Road
Municipality: West Hemlock township
    From PA 42, on the west edge of Bloomsburg between US 11 and I-80, go west on Frosty Valley Road 6.5 miles to Columbia Hill Road.  Turn right on Columbia Hill Road and go 2 miles.  The site is on the left, just past Welliver Road, in front of the cemetery.
Historic Conference:
    Central Pennsylvania Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church         
Journal references:
Brief History:
      Long's Church was erected in 1869.  For most of its existence it was on the Buckhorn charge ― whose May 17, 1927, quarterly conference authorized the sale of the building.  Some reports indicate this structure was also known as the Frosty Valley Church, but it is believed that the Frosty Valley building was on Frosty Valley Road in Columbia Vounty.
Final disposition:
      The building was sold to a John Arnwine on August 20, 1928.  It was used as the West Hemlock Township Community Hall for many years until 2008, when the township erected a new building to the north and tore down the old church.  The old church stood in the parking lot in front of the cemetery and to the left of the present township building.


Two Crossley Children Die of Scarlet Fever 

Since Noah died in 1869 and is buried in Longs Cemetery, I find it unlikely that Ellen & Anna would die in 1870 and be buried elsewhere, so I lean towards this being a different family, from Columbia county.   

Everything about these records confuse me.  Both an Anna & An Ellen are found in the mortality schedules, having both died of scarlet fever in 1870.  The location is listed as Columbia County (which is right next to Montour) but then I find the exact same record in Clinton County too.  Identical, obviously a duplicate. 

Name: Ellen Crossley
Gender: Female
Race: White
Estimated birth year: abt 1860
Birth Place: Pennsylvania
Age: 10
Death Date: Feb 1870
Cause of Death: Scarlet Fever
Census Year: 1870
Census Place: Bloomsburg Ward 2, Columbia, Pennsylvania, USA

Surname: Ellen Crossley
Year: 1870
County: Clinton CO.
State: PA
Age: 10
Gender: F (Female)
Month of Death: Feb
State of Birth: PA
ID#: 197_72892
Occupation: NONE LISTED
Cause of Death: SCARLET FVR

This could be a completely different family.  Or the Ellen here could be Margaret E., who is in the 1840 census at 4 months old, but disappears in the 1870 census.  Anna in this mortality schedule was age 4, so she would have been born between the censuses, in 1866.

I cannot find either of these children at Longs Cemetery where the other Crossley's are buried.  They appear to be Anna, and Ella N in the Quaker cemetery in Catawissa
Columbia County, Pennsylvania.

Birth:  1859
Death:  Jan., 1870

with Anna E Crossley
Age 11 Years 

Quaker Cemetery  Catawissa Columbia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Plot: 07

There are NO other Crossleys in the Quaker cemetery, just these two young girls.  

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